Closure of Holes in the Heart Without Surgeries

Most of the defects by birth need repair. Holes in the heart which are diagnosed as atrial septal defect (ASD), Ventricular septal defect (VSD) or patent ductus arteriosus (PDA), can be closed successfully without doing major open heart operation, by device closures.

Large sized ASDs, VSDs usually require surgical closures at an early age without significant risk. These children can lead absolutely a normal life after the procedures.

"What is a hole within the heart?

Chances are good you'll know someone that has been diagnosed with a hole within the heart. Maybe either you or your child has been given this diagnosis! for several people without medical experience, this will be confusing. What does a hole within the heart mean? One of the foremost common problems that a pediatric cardiologist deals with daily is ""holes"" within the heart. during this setting, a ""hole"" typically refers to a gap in one among the walls separating chambers of the heart. A ventricular congenital heart defect, or VSD, is that the commonest hole within the heart. A VSD is a gap within the ventricular septum, the wall separating the lower 2 chambers from each other. An atrial congenital heart defect, or ASD, is that the second commonest sort of hole within the heart. An atrial congenital heart defect may be a hole within the atrial septum, the wall separating the upper 2 chambers from each other. You can find the best Specialist for holes in the heart in Andheri.
A ventricular congenital heart defect is the foremost common congenital heart defect. Fortunately, most of them are small and insignificant. an honest portion may spontaneously close over time. Large ventricular septal defects may cause symptoms and ultimately require surgery to shut them. an equivalent goes for atrial septal defects.
The term ""hole within the heart"" certainly is often confusing. I've had families with children diagnosed with holes within the heart are available very confused, thinking that blood must be leaking out of the heart into the thoracic cavity somewhere. for several people, it's going to be natural to consider the term ""hole within the heart"" as meaning something sort of a hole during a basketball with air leaking out! I always take the maximum amount of time as possible to clarify this when lecturing families. You can find the best Specialist for holes in the heart in Andheri. The utilization of diagrams and pictures is extremely important in my practice. This comes in especially handy when talking about holes within the heart. having the ability to point out the family that the opening is really inside the heart, and is one among the walls separating chambers are often very useful.

Ventricular congenital heart defect (VSD)

What Are Holes within the Heart?

Holes within the heart are simple congenital heart defects. Congenital heart defects are problems with the heart's structure that are present at birth. These defects change the traditional flow of blood through the HEARTS. Your heart has two sides, separated by an inner wall called the septum. With each heartbeat, the proper side of your heart receives oxygen-poor blood from your body and pumps it to your lungs. The left side of your heart receives oxygen-rich blood from your lungs and pumps it to your body. You can find the best Specialist for holes in the heart in Andheri. The septum prevents the mixing of blood between the 2 sides of the heart. However, some babies are born with holes within the upper or lower septum.
A hole within the septum between the heart's two upper chambers is named an atrial congenital heart defect (ASD). A hole within the septum between the heart's two lower chambers is named a ventricular congenital heart defect (VSD). ASDs and VSDs allow blood to pass from the left side of the heart to the proper side. this suggests that oxygen-rich blood can mix with oxygen-poor blood. As a result, some oxygen-rich blood is pumped to the lungs rather than bent the body.
Over the past few decades, the diagnosis and treatment of ASDs and VSDs have greatly improved. Children who have simple congenital heart defects can survive to adulthood and live normal, active, and productive lives because their heart defects close on their own or are repaired. You can find the best Specialist for holes in the heart in Andheri.

How the heart Works

To understand holes within the heart, it's helpful to understand how a healthy heart works. Your child's heart may be a muscle about the dimensions of his or her fist. the heart work sort of a pump and beat 100,000 times each day. The heart has two sides, separated by an inner wall called the septum. the proper side of the heart pumps blood to the lungs to select up oxygen. Then, oxygen-rich blood returns from the lungs to the left side of the heart, and therefore the left side pumps it to the body. The heart has four chambers and 4 valves and is connected to varied blood vessels. You can find the best Specialist for holes in the heart in Andheri. Veins are the blood vessels that carry blood from the body to the heart. Arteries are the blood vessels that carry blood faraway from the heart to the body.

A Healthy Heart Cross-Section

The blue arrow shows the direction during which oxygen-poor blood flows from the body to the lungs. The red arrow shows the direction during which oxygen-rich blood flows from the lungs to the remainder of the body. You can find the best Specialist for holes in the heart in Andheri.

Heart Chambers

The heart has four chambers or ""rooms."" The atria (AY-tree-uh) are the 2 upper chambers that collect blood because it comes into the heart. The ventricles are the 2 lower chambers that pump blood out of the heart to the lungs or other parts of the body.

Heart Valves

Four valves control the flow of blood from the atria to the ventricles and from the ventricles into the 2 large arteries connected to the heart. The tricuspid (tri-CUSS-PID) valve is within the right side of the heart, between the proper atrium and therefore the ventricle. The pulmonary valve is within the right side of the heart, between the proper ventricle and therefore the entrance to the arteria pulmonalis, which carries blood to the lungs. You can find the best Specialist for holes in the heart in Andheri. The mitral (MI-true) valve is within the left side of the heart, between the left atrium of the heart and therefore the ventricle. The aortic (ay-OR-tik) valve is within the left side of the heart, between the ventricle and therefore the entrance to the aorta, the artery that carries blood to the body.

Valves are like doors that open and shut. They hospitable allow blood to flow through to the subsequent chamber or at least one of the arteries, then they shut to stay blood from flowing backward. When the heart's valves open and shut, they create a ""club-DUB"" sound that a doctor can hear employing a stethoscope. The first sound-the ""club""-is made by the mitral and tricuspid valves closing at the start of systole. Systole is when the ventricles contract, or squeeze, and pump blood out of the heart. You can find the best Specialist for holes in the heart in Andheri. The second sound-the ""DUB""-is made by the aortic and pulmonary valves closing at the start of diastole. Diastole is when the ventricles relax and fill with blood pumped into them by the atria.

Arteries

The arteries are major blood vessels connected to your heart. The arteria pulmonalis carries blood pumped from the proper side of the heart to the lungs to select up a fresh supply of oxygen. The aorta is that the main artery that carries oxygen-rich blood pumped from the left side of the heart bent the body. The coronary arteries are the opposite important arteries attached to the heart. They carry oxygen-rich blood from the aorta to the heart muscle, which must have its blood supply to function. You can find the best Specialist for holes in the heart in Andheri.

Veins

The veins are also major blood vessels connected to your heart. The pulmonary veins carry oxygen-rich blood from the lungs to the left side of the heart so it is often pumped bent the body. The superior and inferior vena cavae are large veins that carry oxygen-poor blood from the body back to the heart.

Types of Holes within the Heart

Atrial congenital heart defect An atrial congenital heart defect (ASD) may be a hole within the part of the septum that separates the atria (the upper chambers of the heart). This hole allows oxygen-rich blood from the left atrium of the heart to flow into the proper atrium rather than flowing into the ventricle because it should. You can find the best Specialist for holes in the heart in Andheri. This means that oxygen-rich blood gets pumped back to the lungs, where it's just been, rather than getting to the body.

Cross-Section of a traditional Heart and a Heart With an Atrial congenital heart defect

Figure A shows the traditional structure and blood flow within the interior of the heart. Figure B shows a heart with an atrial congenital heart defect. the opening allows oxygen-rich blood from the left atrium of the heart to combine with oxygen-poor blood from the proper atrium. ASD is often small or large. Small ASDs allow only to touch blood to be due to one atrium to the opposite. Small ASDs don't affect the way the heart work and do not need any special treatment. Many small ASDs close on their own because the heart grows during childhood. Medium to large ASDs allow more blood to leak from one atrium to the opposite, and they are less likely to shut on their own. most youngsters who have ASDs haven't any symptoms, albeit they need large ASDs. You can find the best Specialist for holes in the heart in Andheri.

The three major sorts of ASDs are:
Secundum:- This defect is within the middle of the atrial septum. it is the commonest sort of ASD. About 8 out of each 10 babies born with ASDs have secundum defects. a minimum of half all Secundum ASDs close on their own. However, this is often less likely if the defect is large.
Primum:- This defect is within the lower a part of the atrial septum. It often occurs along with side problems within the heart valves that connect the upper and lower heart chambers. Primum defects aren't quite common, and that they don't close on their own. You can find the best Specialist for holes in the heart in Andheri.
Sinus venosus:- This defect is within the upper a part of the atrial septum, near where an outsized vein (the superior vena cava) brings oxygen-poor blood from the upper body to the proper atrium. Sinus venosus defects are rare, and that they don't close on their own.

Atrial congenital heart defect Complications

Over time, if an ASD isn't repaired, the additional blood flow to the proper side of the heart and lungs may cause heart problems. Usually, most of those problems don't show up until adulthood, often around age 30 or later. Complications are rare in infants and youngsters.
Possible complications include:
Right coronary failure. An ASD causes the proper side of the heart to figure harder because it's to pump extra blood to the lungs. Over time, the heart may become bored from this extra work and not well. Arrhythmias (ah-RITH-me-ahs). Extra blood flowing into the proper atrium through an ASD can cause the atrium to stretch and enlarge. Over time, this will cause arrhythmias (irregular heartbeats). You can find the best Specialist for holes in the heart in Andheri. Arrhythmia symptoms may include palpitations or a rapid heartbeat.
Stroke. Usually, the lungs filter small blood clots which will form on the proper side of the heart. Sometimes a grume can pass from the proper atrium to the left atrium of the heart through an ASD and be pumped bent the body. this sort of clot can visit an artery within the brain, block blood flow, and cause a stroke.
Pulmonary hypertension (PH). PH is increased pressure within the pulmonary arteries. These arteries carry blood from your heart to your lungs to select up oxygen. Over time, PH can damage the arteries and little blood vessels within the lungs. They become thick and stiff, making it harder for blood to flow through them. You can find the best Specialist for holes in the heart in Andheri. These problems develop over a few years and do not occur in children. They are also rare in adults because most ASDs either close on their own or are repaired in infancy.

Book Appointment