Snehal Kulkarni

Contrary to the belief, cardiac diseases are common cause of illness in babies and children. They can be present since birth (congenital) wherein parts of the heart have not formed properly or can be acquired later in childhood due to infections. Babies with defects in the heart have difficulty in breathing, feeding, problems with gaining weight or some may go unnoticed due to lack of symptoms. Some heart defects can also present with repeated pneumonias, bluishness, due to lack of oxygen while others present later in childhood with problems in the heart pumping due to viral infections. A heart murmur is an abnormal sound made by blood circulating through the heart’s chambers or valves, or through blood vessels near the heart. Often it’s harmless. Other times it may signal an underlying cardiovascular problem.If a doctor hears an abnormal heart murmur in a child, they’ll perform additional tests to be sure the heart is healthy.

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